Living Guide
9 Common Signs Of Myeloma

Myeloma is a type of cancer that can eventually cause a number of complications. It isn’t yet clear why myeloma occurs or why some patients show almost no symptoms and others get sick very quickly. In some cases, the disease process is so slow that doctors recommend close monitoring as opposed to aggressive treatment. At other times, cancer progresses rapidly, causing numerous complications in the process.

There are a number of symptoms associated with myeloma. However, it is important to note that some patients have virtually no symptoms at all. In addition, it is highly unlikely for the disease to cause symptoms while it is still in its early stages.

Some or all of the following symptoms may occur once the disease has progressed.

Like many types of cancer, myeloma can cause nausea. Again, not all patients will experience nausea. For those who do, it may be slight at first and then become more severe as the disease progresses. In some instances, the nausea is severe enough that vomiting occurs. As the cancer cells crowd out healthy cells in the bone marrow, the patient can start to lose red blood cells. This means that less oxygen is transported throughout the body, as there are fewer red blood cells to do the job. As the body struggles for more oxygen, a cascade effect can occur. This can cause nausea and vomiting, especially when the stomach is agitated by a lack of oxygenated blood. A patient struggling with too few red blood cells (and the accompanying lack of oxygen) is said to be anemic. This is just one of the potential complications of myeloma. Furthermore, anemia can have a number of complications of its own. More will be discussed about those complications later on.